Has any of the “New World Orders” since 1919 been successful?

After the First World War, the new world order established. In that context, firstly the League of Nations, which was an intergovernmental organization, founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. Its primary goals, as stated in its Covenant, was to prevent wars through collective security and disarmament, and to settle international disputes through negotiation and arbitration. However, in the new world order, the League of Nations failed, since it seemed to be an organization created for the benefit of  the victorious powers. It was closely associated with the Versailles Treaty which was hated by many countries. The League of Nations lost its power, since  it had no army to effectively take action when there was a military dispute. Moreover, the most important great powers, including the United States, did not join the League of Nation. Furthermore, there was no cooperation among the member states due to nationalist feelings and aspirations, which outweighed international peace as seen from the failure of  the disarmament conferences. Eventually, in 1945, the United Nations was established to replace the League of Nations. It is also an international organization that aims to facilitate cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace.  The United Nations also consists of multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions. Hence, it can be said that the United Nations is the most successful organization in the new world orders, since it functions since 1945 efficiently.

Indeed, the United Nations is a creature of the nation-state system which was created in 1945 in the aftermath of the World War II.  Allied Powers of the Second World War, which are the Soviet Union, the US and Britain, came together and established the post war order. At that point, the victorious powers of the Second World War believed that a stronger world organization was necessary, one with a Security Council that had the authority to take binding decisions to oppose calculated aggression and cope with other threats to peace. The main purpose of the organization was determined, as mentioned in the UN Charter, was to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war. Furthermore, the UN Charter guaranteed the supremacy of the superpowers by giving them the leadership of the UN in peace and security matters.

In contrast to the League of Nations, the United States adopted collective security to protect its member from attacks and to provide peace and security in the new world order.  The Korean case can be described as a collective security operation to provide peace and security.  Indeed, the Korean War is very important to see the efficiency of the UN in a collective action led by the US. Indeed, it was the first time during the Cold War which the Council was able to attempt a case militarily and it was the most important one during the Cold War.

Similar to the League of Nations, the United Nations was established to promote international peace and prevent another world war.  To avoid the structural failures of the League, the United Nations’ founders gathered the support  of the world’s most powerful nations.  The USA’s participation was secured when the United Nations headquarters were stationed in New York City.  To provide enough power to impose and enforce its will, a security council was developed with authority to take action against aggressor nations.  To reassure powerful nations that their  sovereignty would not be threatened, the United Nations provided veto authority over its actions.

Furthermore, the United Nations has become increasingly involved in providing humanitarian assistance and promoting improvements in the health of the world’s peoples since the end of the Cold War. It has also responded  to emergencies generated by natural disasters such as floods and hurricanes. The United Nations has also made great efforts in raising the consciousness of human rights beginning with the “Universal Declaration of Human Rights” adopted by the General Assembly in 1948.  The U.N. Commission  on Human Rights through its investigations and technical assistance in promoting free and fair elections has helped many countries in the transition to democracy. The International Court of Justice, which a sub-commission of the United Nations, has contributed to settle numerous international disputes involving  territorial issues, hostage-taking and economic rights. In brief, it can be said that the United Nations is the most successful organization in the new world orders.

In summary, as it is argued above, the United Nations is the most successful organization in the new world orders, since it programs since 1945 efficiently. Indeed, the United Nations was established, in the aftermath of a devastating war, in order to stabilize international relations and give peace a more secure foundation. Since its inception, the United Nations achieved many remarkable accomplishments in fulfilling it goals. Indeed, the United Nations has peacefully negotiated 172 peace settlements that have ended regional conflicts and is  credited with participation in over 300 international treaties on topics as varied as human rights  conventions to agreements on the use of outer space and the oceans. Therefore, it can be regarded as the most successful institution since 1919 in the new world order to provide peace, security and stability in the world.


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